Java is one of the best programming language created ever, and we the SOFT <coders> Bangladesh are not saying this, because we are a passionate about Java development, but Java has proved it in last 20 years. Two decades is a big time for any Programming language, and Java has gained strength every passing day. Though there are times, when Java development slows down, but Java has responded well. Earlier with ground breaking changes in form of Enum, Generics, and Autoboxing in Java 5, performance improvement with Java 6, and Google’s choice of language for Android apps development, keeps Java as front line programming language.
Java is Easy to learn
Many would be surprised to see this one of the top reason of learning Java, or considering it as best programming language, but it is. If you have steep learning curve, it would be difficult to get productive in short span of time, which is the case with most of professional project. Java has fluent English like syntax with minimum magic characters e.g. Generics angle brackets, which makes it easy to read Java program and learn quickly.
Java is an Object Oriented Programming Language
Another reason, which made Java popular is that it’s an Object Oriented Programming language. Developing OOPS application is much easier, and it also helps to keep system modular, flexible and extensible. Once you have knowledge of key OOPS concept like Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism and Inheritance, you can use all those with Java. Java itself embodies many best practices and design pattern in it’s library.
Java has Rich API
One more reason of Java programming language’s huge success is it’s Rich API and most importantly it’s highly visible, because come with Java installation. When I first started Java programming, I used to code Applets and those days Applets provides great animation capability, which amazes new programmer like us, who are used to code in Turbo C++ editor. Java provides API for I/O, networking, utilities, xml parsing, database connection, and almost everything.
Powerful development tools e.g. Eclipse , Netbeans
Believe it or not, Eclipse and Netbeans has played huge role to make Java one of the best programming language. Coding in IDE is pleasure, especially if you have coded in DOS Editor or Notepad. They not only helps in code completion but also provides powerful debugging capability, which is essential for real world development. Integrated Development Environment (IDE) made Java development much easier, faster and fluent.
Great collection of Open Source libraries
Open source libraries ensures that Java should be used everywhere. Apache, Google, and other organization has contributed lot of great libraries, which makes Java development easy, faster and cost effective. There are framework like Spring, Struts, Maven, which ensures that Java development follows best practices of software craftsmanship, promotes use of design patterns and assisted Java developers to get there job done.
Java is Platform Independent
In 1990s, this was the main reason of Java’s popularity. Idea of platform independence is great, and Java’s tag line “write once run anywhere” was enticing enough to attract lots of new development in Java. This is still one of the reason of Java being best programming language, most of Java applications are developed in Windows environment and run in UNIX platform.
Java is Everywhere
Yes, Java is everywhere, it’s on desktop, it’s on mobile, it’s on card, almost everywhere and so is Java programmers. I think Java programmer out number any other programming language professional. Though I don’t have any data to back this up, but it’s based on experience. This huge availability of Java programmers, is another reason, why organization prefer to choose Java for new development than any other programming language.